|Babies||Walkers 2||2s to 3s||3s to 4s|
Overview and benefit
A child needs to develop phonological awareness in order to learn to read and write. Before they can learn about phonics (the individual units of sound and their symbolic representation) and learn to blend phonemes together to form words, there are some early phonetic skills they need to have. These include alliteration, rhyme and onset and rime.
Alliteration – this means that children can hearing the same sound at the start of words, e.g. they begin to recognise that ball, bat, bed and bath start with the same sound
Rhyme – this means that children can hear when the end sounds in two word are the same, e.g. king and ring.
Onset and rime – this means children are able to hear that a word can be split into its initial sound (onset) and the chunk of sound (comprising a vowel and one or more letter sounds) that come after it e.g. ‘b’ and ‘at’ for bat, or ‘ch’ and ‘air’ for chair.
This activity aims to help children begin to identify rhymes.
- Pictures of Ralph to illustrate rhymes
- Two the three weeks
How it works
Children learn some simple rhymes of our own featuring Ralph which are illustrated with pictures.
What to do in the class
Teach children one of the rhymes below and use the pictures to illustrate what Ralph is doing. Point out to the children which words rhyme. Can they think of other words that would rhyme too.
Ralph has made a tasty cake
He put it in the oven to bake
He put it in a box to take
It to a picnic by the lake
Ralph has a little cat
His cat is very very fat
It sleeps all day on its fluffy mat
And on its head is a woolly hat!
Ralph climbs a big tall tree
He climbs the branches one two three
At the top he can suddenly see
A big and buzzing honey bee
Ralph likes to sit on a big brick wall
Like Humptey Dumpty’s, it’s very tall
He likes to drop his bouncy ball
And watch it fall and fall and fall.
Ralph likes to eat
As a really special treat!
What do you eat
For a treat
Is it savoury or is it sweet?
Adaptation for older/younger children
This activity is only suitable for verbal children.
What to do in a nursery setting
No adaptation is necessary